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                    行業動態 Industry dynamics

                    編藤椅:曾經吃香的手藝如今卻后繼乏人

                    文字:[大][中][小] 手機頁面二維碼 2019/1/25     瀏覽次數:    

                    炎炎夏日,何處才能找到一方清涼舒適的凈土呢?其實,只要請一把藤椅來幫忙,這個小小的愿望在家里就能輕松實現,因為藤椅最大特點是輕、涼、透、韌。過去農閑季節,藤匠師傅挑著擔子,一頭工具箱,一頭藤條,大街小巷和集市街頭常見到他們辛勤干活的身影,可現在人們對藤匠師傅可能知之甚少了。

                    如今肥東只有一位藤匠

                    肥東包公鎮文集南文村就有一位從事藤藝40多年的藤匠師傅,他的名字叫文霞巨,今年已過古稀之年,老人看起來身體還硬實。他年輕時生過一場病,曾動過大手術,當時在農村,由于他身體不能負重活,快三十歲那年才學會這門手藝。

                    文霞巨老人說道,“文集南文村有7個生產隊,擁有千人的大村莊,過去上高亮‘五七’大學的學生們,常結伴從此村超近過路。這個村會這種手藝的人有兩百多人,均出自于居住在蕪湖的一位族長傳授的手藝,后來在村上一個帶著一個學?!鄙鲜兰o六七十年代,農村有一條不成文規定,農忙季節生意人一律不準外出,否則當作“投機倒把”打擊,生產隊不但給予罰款,如果態度不好重則要受到批斗?!半p搶”結束后,他們就自發組織起來 “上書”生產隊長,并暗中簽訂合同,按規定時間回來,每月上交生產隊3-5元管理費。那時,一天勞動整勞力得10工分,分值才幾角錢,老百姓都懂得無商不富這個道理,惟有外出做生意才有錢花,才能改善自己的家庭生活。

                    直到上世紀七十年代末,由于分田到戶,實行聯產承包責任制,村上一些強壯勞力紛紛棄田外出打工或經商。因此,做這門手藝的人越來越少,如今本村的年輕人沒有一人愿意學這門手藝。據文老講,在肥東本地做這種生意的僅剩其一人,合肥地區還有倆人,雖然他們年紀都大了,但有時還相聚一起切磋手藝。

                    據文霞巨老人回憶,過去藤匠主要修整棕床,后來市場上有藤椅,修一張棕床大概三四元錢,一年中修整棕床、藤椅收入才兩三千元,勉強維持生計。以前,他在合肥做手藝,棕床主要分布在合肥38所、水利廳、支淮委員會等10個單位,后來棕床漸漸減少就改修整藤椅?,F在,肥東縣直各單位辦公條件都得到日益改善,有的搬進現代化新辦公大樓,辦公椅桌全部更新,昔日辦公用的舊藤椅被丟去。目前,也只有衛生局、醫院、食品公司、國稅局等幾家單位有少量藤椅。

                    老人希望手藝能延續

                    眾所周知,藤椅坐著透氣輕松舒服,但破舊后修整費用較昂貴,市場上,一般視藤椅損壞程度定價,修整一把藤椅50-70元左右,穿一把藤椅費用180-200元左右,因此,一般單位不再配置辦公藤椅。只有農村、城鎮家庭使用藤椅居多。藤椅這種家具,若家中有上年紀病殘老人,平時生活坐著方便,或吃飯或休息比較安全,也不容易摔倒。40多年來,就連文霞巨老人自己也記不清修整多少藤椅,他非常樂意做這種手藝活。隨著信息時代的發展,他自己專門配備了手機,只要有電話來他從不懈怠,親自上門為年老弱病殘者家庭提供藤椅修整服務,而且有的免收費。

                    當問及文霞巨老人今后生活的打算,他爽快地回答,如果自己身體能承受的話,他將繼續為更多的社會家庭提供優質服務。老人家就是擔心,將來有一天這門手藝在民間失傳了。


                    Summer, where one can find it cool and comfortable Pure Land? In fact, just ask a wicker chair to help, you can easily achieve this little desire at home because wicker chair biggest feature is light, cool, transparent, tough. Past the slack season, rattan Carpenter master their burdens, a toolbox, a cane, the streets and bazaars of their hard work to common street presence, but now people may know little about the vine master craftsman.

                    Today, only one vine Feidong Carpenter

                    Wen Bao Feidong town south of the village there is an anthology in 40 years rattan cane master craftsman, his name is Wenxia giant this year has passed seventy years of age, the elderly body still looks real hard. In his youth he been ill, once had had major surgery, was in rural areas, due to the weight of his body can not live only 30 years old soon learn this craft.

                    Wenxia giant said the old man, "the text corpus South Village has seven production team, with thousands of large villages, past the bright 'fifty-seven' college students often go hand in hand from the village near the crossing over. This will be in the village craft people have two hundred people, are from a patriarch living in Wuhu teach craft, and later in a school with a Murakami. "the 1960s and 1970s, there was an unwritten provision of rural, business busy season people will be allowed to go out, otherwise as "speculation" against the production team not only given a fine, if they have a bad attitude by heavy criticism. "Robbery and Snatching" after they spontaneously organize themselves "letter" production team leader, and secretly signed a contract to come back at the stipulated time, turned over to the production team 3-5 yuan per month management fee. Then one day the whole labor labor work points was 10, the score only a few cents, people are not rich no business know this truth, only have the money to go out to do business, to improve their family life.

                    Until the late 1970s, due to the sub-field home, the implementation of the contract responsibility system, some of Murakami strong labor have abandoned the field work outside the home or business. Thus, this craft to do fewer and fewer people, young people today the village no one is willing to learn this craft. According to the old text speak, to do this in Feidong local business people remaining one, there are two people in Hefei, although they are older are big, but sometimes come together demonstrate their craft.

                    According Wenxia giant old memories, past trim brown rattan Carpenter main bed, then there wicker chair on the market, to repair a brown bed about 34 dollars a year to trim brown bed, wicker chair only two or three thousand dollars of income, barely livelihood. Previously, he has done in Hefei craft, brown bed mainly distributed in 10 units Hefei 38, Water Resources Department, Huai branch committees, and later gradually reduce bed brown trim wicker chair on a whim. Now, Feidong straight units working conditions have been improving day by day, and some moved into modern new office building, office chairs tables all the updates, the former office of the old wicker chair was left to go. Currently, only health stations, hospitals, food companies, the IRS, several units have a small wicker chair.

                    Old people prefer craft can continue

                    As we all know, wicker chair sitting relaxed comfortable breathable, but dilapidated dressing more costly on the market, generally depending on the extent of damage to the pricing wicker chairs, wicker chair around 50-70 dollars a trim, wearing a wicker chair costs 180-200 yuan so, therefore, no need to configure general unit office wicker chair. Only in rural areas, the majority of urban households use wicker chairs. Such furniture wicker chair, if the home has older sick elderly, normal life sitting convenient or safe to eat or rest, is not easy to fall. For over 40 years, even Wenxia giant elderly themselves can not remember how much dressing chair, he was very happy to do this kind of handwork. With the development of the information age, his own specially equipped mobile phone, as long as he never slack telephone to personally come to provide repair services for the wicker chair on the sick and elderly families, and some toll-free.

                    When asked about the future intend Wenxia giant old life, he readily replied that if his body can withstand it, he will continue to provide more social and family services. Old is worried that one day this craft were lost in the private sector.

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